How long do maltese shih tzu live?

How long do maltese shih tzu live?

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The Maltese Shih Tzu, also known as the Malshi, is a popular small dog breed that is a cross between a Maltese and a Shih Tzu. These adorable dogs are known for their affectionate nature and beautiful coat. If you are considering getting a Maltese Shih Tzu, one important question you may have is: how long do they live?

Average Lifespan

On average, Maltese Shih Tzus have a lifespan of 12 to 14 years. However, it is important to note that this is just an average and individual dogs may live longer or shorter lives depending on various factors.

Factors Affecting Lifespan

Several factors can influence the lifespan of a Maltese Shih Tzu. These factors include genetics, overall health, diet, exercise, and the quality of care provided by the owner.

Genetics: Genetics play a significant role in determining a dog’s lifespan. By breeding two healthy dogs with good genetic backgrounds, the chances of producing offspring with a longer lifespan can be increased.

Overall Health: Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care are essential for maintaining the overall health of a Maltese Shih Tzu. Regular examinations can help identify any potential health issues early on and increase the chances of successful treatment.

Diet: A balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for the well-being of any dog. Providing high-quality dog food that meets the specific nutritional needs of a Maltese Shih Tzu can contribute to their longevity. Consult with a veterinarian to determine the best diet for your dog.

Exercise: Regular exercise is important for keeping a Maltese Shih Tzu physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks and playtime can help prevent obesity and promote a healthy lifestyle, which can contribute to a longer lifespan.

Quality of Care: Providing a loving and caring environment is essential for the overall well-being of a Maltese Shih Tzu. Regular grooming, dental care, and attention to their emotional needs can significantly impact their quality of life and lifespan.

Common Health Issues

While Maltese Shih Tzus are generally healthy dogs, they can be prone to certain health issues, as is the case with many dog breeds. Some of the common health issues that may affect Maltese Shih Tzus include:

– Dental problems: Small dog breeds, including Maltese Shih Tzus, are more susceptible to dental issues such as tooth decay and gum disease. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth, can help prevent these problems.

– Respiratory problems: The short snout of the Shih Tzu parent breed can sometimes lead to respiratory issues in Maltese Shih Tzus. It is important to avoid exposing them to extreme temperatures and provide a well-ventilated environment.

– Eye problems: Maltese Shih Tzus can be prone to eye problems such as cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian can help detect and manage these issues.

– Joint problems: Like many small dog breeds, Maltese Shih Tzus can develop joint problems such as patellar luxation and hip dysplasia. Providing appropriate exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of these issues.


In conclusion, the average lifespan of a Maltese Shih Tzu is around 12 to 14 years. However, various factors such as genetics, overall health, diet, exercise, and the quality of care can influence their lifespan. By providing proper care, regular veterinary check-ups, and a healthy lifestyle, you can help ensure that your Maltese Shih Tzu lives a long and happy life.


– American Kennel Club:
– The Maltese Shih Tzu Club of Victoria:
– PetMD:
– Vetstreet: